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Table 3 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristic

From: The impact of smoking on outcomes following anterior cervical fusion-nonfusion hybrid surgery: a retrospective single-center cohort study

Variable Value (%)
Number of patients 153
Age (years) 50.11 ± 7.48
Sex
Male 51
Female 102
Involved levels
Two 79
Three 74
T value (spine) 0.30 ± 1.03
Follow-up (months) 40.82 ± 15.63
HO formation 92(58.97%)
High-grade HO formation 16(10.26%)
Bone loss 84(53.85%)
  1. HO heterotopic ossification