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Table 4 Prevalence Ratios with 95% confidence interval considering pain in the neck and shoulder region (n = 14,327)

From: Association between working in awkward postures, in particular overhead work, and pain in the shoulder region in the context of the 2018 BIBB/BAuA Employment Survey

  Prevalence ratios for neck and shoulder pain (outcome) after adjusting for gender, age, weekly working hours and working conditions (Model #5)
Age Per year 1.003 (1.002–1.005)   
Gender Women 1.571 (1.518–1.625)   
Weekly working hours Per h 0.993 (0.990–0.995)   
Psychosocial workload (score) Per unit 1.010 (1.009–1.012)   
  Never Rarely Sometimes Often
Works in awkward postures 1 (ref.) 0.974 (0.922–1.029) 1.009 (0.953–1.068) (answer split into 3 dummy variables)
1) Often performs overhead work 1 (ref.) 1.038 (0.960–1.122)
2) Often when bending 1 (ref.) 1.120 (1.047–1.199)
3) Often when kneeling 1 (ref.) 0.989 (0.922–1.060)
Manual handling of heavy loads 1 (ref.) 1.009 (0.961–1.060) 1.010 (0.951–1.072) 1.119 (1.058–1.184)
Manual handling operations 1 (ref.) 0.966 (0.906–1.029) 0.951 (0.895–1.011) 1.021 (0.973–1.071)
Climatic workload 1 (ref.) 1.006 (0.951–1.065) 1.107 (1.053–1.165) 1.176 (1.119–1.236)
  1. Legend: ref. = reference group