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Table 2 Work performed in awkward postures stratified by gender in different occupational groups (n = 14,265 due to missing data in 62 cases)

From: Association between working in awkward postures, in particular overhead work, and pain in the shoulder region in the context of the 2018 BIBB/BAuA Employment Survey

BLOSSFELD occupational group Never in awkward postures (row %) Rarely in awkward postures
(row %)
Sometimes in awkward postures
(row %)
Often in awkward postures (row %) Total (row %) No. of subjects
    Often performs overhead work Often works in other awkward postures   
Men (n = 8786)
 Agricultural occupations 9.1% 20.3% 35.3% 13.4% 21.9% 100% 187
 Unskilled manual occupations 28.1% 23.9% 21.2% 11.7% 15.1% 100% 675
 Skilled manual occupations 15.3% 18.8% 26.9% 23.3% 15.8% 100% 1210
 Technicians 45.1% 24.5% 18.9% 6.2% 5.3% 100% 628
 Engineers 71.5% 18.5% 7.8% 1.3% 0.9% 100% 769
 Unskilled services 36.7% 26.9% 21.2% 8.2% 7.0% 100% 867
 Skilled services 43.6% 22.4% 19.5% 4.4% 10.0% 100% 548
 Semiprofessions 60.2% 16.9% 13.0% 0.5% 9.4% 100% 575
 Professions 75.0% 14.4% 8.6% 0.4% 1.5% 100% 533
 Unskilled commercial and administrational occupations 61.3% 14.4% 13.5% 2.3% 8.6% 100% 222
 Skilled commercial and administrational occupations 80.7% 11.7% 5.9% 0.3% 1.4% 100% 1573
 Managers 85.0% 9.2% 3.7% 0.7% 1.4% 100% 999
All men 54.4% 17.8% 14.6% 6.3% 6.9% 100% 8786
Women (n = 5479)
 Agricultural occupations 16.1% 16.1% 29.0% 11.3% 27.4% 100% 62
 Unskilled manual occupations 50.0% 16.2% 19.5% 7.1% 7.1% 100% 154
 Skilled manual occupations 44.2% 23.3% 15.3% 9.8% 7.4% 100% 163
 Technicians 71.4% 15.1% 9.4% 2.1% 2.1% 100% 192
 Engineers 79.6% 10.9% 6.6% 0.7% 2.2% 100% 137
 Unskilled services 46.9% 21.4% 14.7% 6.3% 10.7% 100% 224
 Skilled services 48.9% 19.8% 17.7% 3.7% 9.9% 100% 464
 Semiprofessions 43.1% 13.1% 17.1% 4.7% 22.1% 100% 1419
 Professions 77.7% 11.9% 6.3% 0.8% 3.4% 100% 528
 Unskilled commercial and administrational occupations 60.7% 15.4% 13.2% 4.8% 5.9% 100% 272
 Skilled commercial and administrational occupations 87.7% 6.3% 3.8% 0.6% 1.7% 100% 1333
 Managers 92.5% 3.8% 2.4% 0.4% 0.9% 100% 531
All women 65.4% 11.9% 10.8% 3.0% 9.0% 100% 5479
All men and women 58.6% 15.5% 13.1% 5.0% 7.7% 100% 14,265
  1. Legend: row %: row percentage). This dataset did not differ from the whole dataset of n = 14,327 participants regarding mean age, gender distribution, prevalence of shoulder/neck pain or arm pain, prevalence of exposure to awkward postures, and mean working time