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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with diabetes undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)

From: Risk factors for venous thromboembolism in patients with diabetes undergoing joint arthroplasty

  Total VTE (+) VTE (-) Z value/t value/χ2 value P value
Sex (M/F) 97/303 34/153 63/150 7.040 0.010
Age (years) 64.9 ± 7.7 66.0 ± 6.7 64.1 ± 8.3 -2.513 0.012
Smoke, % (n) 16.5 (66) 13.9 (26) 18.8 (40) 1.718 0.225
Alcohol drink, % (n) 11.5 (46) 11.2 (21) 11.7 (25) 0.025 1.000
Hypertension, % (n) 64.8 (259) 64.7 (121) 64.8 (138) 0.000 1.000
Cerebrovascular disease, % (n) 14.0 (56) 15.0 (28) 13.1 (28) 0.276 0.665
BMI (kg/m2) 26.9 ± 3.4 27.1 ± 3.5 26.7 ± 3.4 -1.225 0.221
SBP (mmHg) 144 (131, 157) 144 (133, 157) 143 (130, 157) -1.001 0.317
DBP (mmHg) 80 (73, 88) 80 (72, 88) 80 (73, 88) -0.351 0.725
Preoperative fasting glucose (mmol/L) 7.7 ± 2.2 7.8 ± 2.3 7.7 ± 2.1 0.104 0.917
HbA1c (%) 7.5 ± 1.5 7.6 ± 1.6 7.5 ± 1.4 0.189 0.835
Preoperative D-dimer (mg/L FEU) 0.43 (0.27, 0.83) 0.46 (0.28, 1.14) 0.40 (0.27, 0.66) -2.696 0.007
Varicose veins, % (n) 8.3 (33) 8.0 (15) 8.5 (18) 0.024 1.000
Operative procedures
 THA, % (n) 23.3 (93) 32.3 (30) 67.7 (63) 10.222 0.001
 TKA, % (n) 76.8 (307) 51.1 (157) 48.9 (150)
 Caprini score 7.2 ± 0.7 7.2 ± 0.8 7.1 ± 0.8 -0.827 0.409