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Table 6 Indices of structural model of behaviors related to sitting postures and backpack carrying

From: Identification of factors related to behaviors associated with musculoskeletal pain among elementary students

Sitting Posture Backpack carrying
Relationship Path coefficient t-value Effect size (f2)a Path coefficient t-value Effect size (f2)a
Perceived susceptibility → Behaviors 0.219 3.08 0.105 0.198 2.26 0.053
Perceived severity → Behaviors 0.166 2.37 0.06 0.025 0.345 0.002
Perceived benefits → Behaviors 0.068 1.02 0.01 0.049 0.602 0.002
Perceived barriers → Behaviors −0.191 2.48 0.06 −0.258 2.46 0.072
Perceived self-efficacy → Behaviors 0.188 2.40 0.05 0.185 2.11 0.036
Reinforcing factors → Behaviors −0.019 0.289 0 0.208 2.22 0.055
Enabling factors → Behaviors 0.329 4.71 0.2 −0.056 0.652 0.006
Age → Behaviors 0.043 0.795 0.006 0.068 1.03 0.008
Gender → Behaviors 0.008 0.131 0 −0.014 0.196 0
Scio-economic status → Behaviors − 0.009 0.160 0 −0.034 0.474 0.002
  1. af 2 = 0.02, 0.15, and 0.35 as small, median, and large size of the effect, respectively