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Table 5 Multivariate regression analyses in the whole sample of associations between the different PPTs. Controlled for age and sex

From: Pressure pain thresholds in individuals with knee pain: a cross-sectional study

   Trapezius bilateral Second rib Lateral epicondyle Knee bilateral Gluteal bilateral
  n B (95 % CI) p-value B (95 % CI) p-value B (95 % CI) p-value B (95 % CI) p-value B (95 % CI) p-value
Numbers of pain sites 261 -8.47 (-14.40– -2.53) 0.005 -6.40 (-12.37– -0.42) 0.036 -7.62 (-12.99– -2.25) 0.005 -8.73 (-14.02– -3.44) 0.001 -9.44 (-16.00– -2.88) 0.005
Pain groupa 261 -72.66 (-118.70– -26.62) 0.002 -61.68 (-107.98– -15.38) 0.009 -62.65 (-104.33– -20.97) 0.003 -57.12 (-98.54– -15.74) 0.007 -76.43 (-127.42– -25.44) 0.003
BMI 277 4.43 (-0.17–9.04) 0.059 -3.75 (-8.34–0.85) 0.110 2.56 (-1.58–6.70) 0.225 -5.21 (-9.25– -1.18) 0.011 1.90 (-3.17–6.97) 0.463
VFA 275 0.27 (-0.16–0.69) 0.215 -0.45 (-0.87– -0.03) 0.036 0.14 (-0.24–0.52) 0.473 -057 (-0.94– -0.20) 0.003 -0.03 (-0.50–0.44) 0.899
VFA > 100 275 -4.49 (-49.18–40.19) 0.844 -52.79 (-96.87– -8.72) 0.019 -16.71 (-56.72–23.31) 0.413 -71.28 (-109.59– -32.97) < 0.001 -38.17 (-86.99–10.66) 0.125
Body fat (%) 275 0.59 (-2.24– 3.42) 0.683 -3.86 (-6.65– -1.09) 0.007 -0.53 (-3.07–-2.01) 0.682 -4.96 (-7.38– -2.54) < 0.001 -1.96 (-5.06– -1.14) 0.215
  1. a Having chronic widespread pain (CWP)
  2. BMI body mass index; PPT pressure pain thresholds; VFA visceral fat area