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Table 2 Clinical outcomes and range of motions at a maximum of follow-up

From: Conservative versus accelerated rehabilitation after rotator cuff repair: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors
(Year, level of evidence)
No of patients in the accelerated group (AG) and conservative group (CG)a Clinical outcomes
(Mean ± standard deviation)
Range of motion
(Degrees ± standard deviation)
Constant-Murley score Simple shoulder test ASES score Forward elevation Internal rotation at side External rotation at side Internal rotation at 90° of abduction External rotation at 90° of abduction Abduction
Arndt et al. [61] (2012, II) AG (49) 77.6 ± 12.4 - - 172.4 ± 13.0 - 58.7 ± 12.9 - - -
CG (43) 69.7 ± 18 - - 163.3 ± 25.1 - 49.1 ± 18.0 - - -
Cuff et al. [70] (2012, I) AG (33) - 11.1 91.1 174 94 46 - - -
CG (35) - 11.1 92.8 173 91 45 - - -
De Roo et al. [110] (2015, I) AG (79) 85.9 ± 15.7 9.4 ± 2.2 - 139.2 ± 16.8 - 46.2 ± 17.3 62.5 ± 16.8 64.2 ± 17.4 128 ± 20.2
CG (51) 90.4 ± 18.4 9 ± 2.5 - 141.3 ± 17.7 - 46.3 ± 14.7 64.5 ± 21.3 63.53 ± 16.60 129.6 ± 18.7
Düzgün et al. [71] (2011, II) AG (13) - - - - - - - - -
CG (16) - - - - - - - - -
Düzgün et al. [29] (2014, II) AG (19) - - - 158.9 ± 1.8 88.2 ± 2.1 86.3 ± 2.4 - - 173.6 ± 3.4
CG (21) - - - 153.7 ± 4 86.5 ± 1.9 84.1 ± 2.2 - - 171 ± 3.1
Jenssen et al. [73] (2018, I) AG (60) 86 ± 27 - - 151 ± 15 61 ± 9 64 ± 12 - - 146 ± 22
CG (58) 90 ± 23 - - 149 ± 15 62 ± 11 64 ± 11 - - 146 ± 22
Keener et al. [63] (2014, I) AG (61) 83.2 ± 11.5 10.8 ± 1.8 91.0 ± 15.3 164 ± 13.4 - 62.0 ± 16.4 - - -
CG (53) 84.3 ± 10.8 10.6 ± 2.5 93.3 ± 10.6 163 ± 15.8 - 66.2 ± 14.0 - - -
Kim et al. [64] (2012, I) AG (56) 69.8 ± 1.2 9 ± 0.9 73.3 ± 8.7 159.7 ± 4.8 - 78.5 ± 4 - - -
CG (49) 69.9 ± 2.3 9 ± 0.8 82.9 ± 4.6 153.7 ± 3.9 - 81.3 ± 6.1 - - -
Klintberg et al. [72] (2009, II) AG (7) 74.2 ± 12.9 - - 146.3 ± 18.8 - - 50 ± 8.7 80 ± 17.3 160 ± 20.2
CG (7) 81 ± 8.6 - - 150 ± 8.7 - - 51.3 ± 10.1 61.3 ± 21.6 165 ± 11.5
Koh et al. [77] (2014, I) AG (40) 85.6 ± 15.6 - 88.9 ± 16.2 143.7 ± 23.5 9.1 ± 2.9 33.1 ± 18.8 - - -
CG (48) 88.7 ± 9.7 .- 92.1 ± 10.2 141.7 ± 25.2 9.4 ± 2.9 29.5 ± 21.2 - - -
Lee et al. [67] (2012, II) AG (30) - - - 155.3 ± 13.0 - 53.0 ± 11.6 65.7 ± 13.3 76.3 ± 12.1 167.8 ± 12.8
CG (34) - - - 153.0 ± 12.2 - 48.1 ± 13.9 54.9 ± 21.5 77.7 ± 11.6 161.8 ± 27.3
Mazzocca et al. [68] (2017, II) AG (31) 82 ± 15 10.2 ± 2.6 90 ± 15 176 ± 11 - 61 ± 18 - - -
CG (27) 75 ± 19 9.3 ± 3.6 84 ± 19 173 ± 17 - 58 ± 17 - - -
Raschhofer et al. [69] (2017, II) AG (14) 78.8 ± 1.4 - - - - - - - -
CG (15) 67 ± 3.5 - - - - - - - -
Sheps et al. [78] (2015, II) AG (97) - - - 149.9 ± 12.4 - - 34.9 ± 9.7 81.5 ± 11.7 150.7 ± 20
CG (92) - - - 149.9 ± 17.8 - - 35.7 ± 10.2 84.0 ± 11.9 155.5 ± 20.2
Sheps et al. [79] (2019, I) AG (103) - - - 155.5 ± 12.7 - - 40.9 ± 12 76 ± 14.8 153.5 ± 14.6
CG (103) - - - 152.2 ± 18.5 - - 38.7 ± 12.4 71.5 ± 17.8 152.2 ± 21.9
Tirefort et al. [80] (2019, I) AG (40) - - - 156.3 ± 18.8 - - - 39.3 ± 15.8 -
CG (40) - - - 153.3 ± 21.8 - - - 38.4 ± 20.4 -
  1. AG Accelerated Group, CG Conservative Group, Males, Females, ASES American shoulder and elbow surgeons
  2. aData are reported as number of patients unless otherwise indicated