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Table 1 Results of a univariate analysis of factors related to the presence of hallux valgus

From: Hallux valgus deformity and postural sway: a cross-sectional study

  HV group (n = 44) No HV group (n = 125) p-value
Age (years) 69.0 ± 11.6 65.7 ± 11.6 0.108a
Gender
 Females 31 75  
 Males 13 50 0.217b
BMI (kg/m2) 22.7 ± 2.9 23.7 ± 3.0 0.058a
Total NRS score for both feet 0.1 ± 0.3 0.4 ± 2.0 0.258a
Postural sway
 Total trajectory length (mm) 358.6 ± 131.3 328.6 ± 205.5 0.437a
 Area of COP (mm2) 303.9 ± 195.8 238.7 ± 178.1 0.056a
 The mediolateral postural sway (mm) 4.5 ± 2.0 3.9 ± 1.9 0.090a
 The anteroposterior postural sway (mm) 6.5 ± 2.8 5.4 ± 2.2 0.014* a
Body muscle mass (kg)
 Trunk 22.6 ± 3.8 22.3 ± 3.5 0.620a
 Lower limbs 12.4 ± 2.2 13.5 ± 3.2 0.016* a
  1. The values are given as the mean and standard deviation
  2. HV hallux valgus, BMI body mass index, COP center of pressure, NRS numerical rating scale
  3. aWelch’s test, bChi-square test, * p < 0.05