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Table 2 Bone union, refracture, length discrepancy and complications of the patients

From: Efficacy of the “Eiffel tower” double titanium elastic nailing in combined management of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia: preliminary outcomes of 17 cases with review of literature

No Union time (mth) Number of operations before union Type of union Po-op LLD (mm) LLD at final follow-up (mm) Complications Additional Treatment
1 5 1 Primary 42 6 Left ankle valgus Hemiepiphyseodesis of medial distal tibia
Limb lengthening
2 4 1 Primary 31 12 Right ankle valgus Hemiepiphyseodesis of medial distal tibia
3 10 3 Secondary 50 23 Pin tract infection Dressing change and oral administration of antibiotics
Delayed union Prolonged external fixation, bone graft
Refracture (1 month after Cast immobolization, then nail reinsertion
external fixation removal) and external fixation
4 3 1 Primary 27 17 None None
5 5 1 Primary 63 42 None None
6 6 1 Primary 32 24 Tibia valgus and recurvature Nail change
       Refracture (4 years after initial union) Hemiepiphyseodesis of medial distal tibia, fracture reduction, nails reinsertion
7 6 1 Primary 60 41 None None
8 2 1 Primary 47 30 Right ankle valgus Hemiepiphysiodesis of medial distal tibia
9 3 1 Primary 40 22 Left knee valgus Hemiepiphysiodesis of medial proximal tibia
10 11 2 Secondary 135 141 Pin tract infection Dressing change and oral administration of antibiotics
       Delayed union Debridement, nail change, drainage of wound, prolonged external fixation and bone graft
        Limb lengthening
11 6 1 Primary 52 35 Pin tract infection Dressing change and oral administration of antibiotics
12 3 1 Primary 13 20 None None
13 4 1 Primary 55 29 Pin tract infection Dressing change and oral administration of antibiotics
14 6 1 Primary 64 48 None None
15 3 1 Primary 45 20 None None
16 4 1 Primary 43 22 None None
17 5 1 Primary 38 35 None None
  1. Po-op post-operative, LLD limb length discrepancy