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Table 3 Secondary outcomes regarding VAS scores for resting pain

From: Duloxetine reduces pain after Total hip arthroplasty: a prospective, randomized controlled study

Time after surgery Duloxetine* (n = 48) Placebo* (n = 48) P value†
3 h 4.1 ± 1.0 4.5 ± 1.1 0.026
6 h 4.0 ± 1.0 4.4 ± 1.0 0.032
12 h 3.3 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.1 0.044
24 h 3.0 ± 1.1 3.5 ± 1.1 0.046
48 h 2.3 ± 1.0 2.8 ± 1.0 0.019
72 h 1.8 ± 0.9 2.2 ± 1.0 0.023
1w 1.0 ± 0.8 1.3 ± 0.8 0.040
3w 0.8 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 0.043
3 m 0.6 ± 0.5 0.7 ± 0.6 0.851
  1. *The values are given as the mean and standard deviation. †P values are calculated by independent t-test. P values indicating a significant difference among groups are in bold