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Table 2 Footwear characteristics

From: Effects of worn and new footwear on plantar pressure in people with gout

Characteristica New Shoe Worn Shoe P % change
Heel height (mm), mean (SD) 37.3 (0.9) 36.2 (1.2) < 0.001 3%
Forefoot height (mm), mean (SD) 20.6 (0.5) 19.4 (0.6) < 0.001 5%
Heel counter stiffness, n (%)    < 0.001 NA
 Minimal (> 45°) 0 (0%) 1 (3%)   
 Moderate (< 45°) 0 (0%) 12 (30%)   
 Rigid (< 10°) 40 (100%) 27 (68%)   
Midfoot sagittal stiffness, n (%)    < 0.001 NA
 Minimal (> 45°) 0 (0%) 1 (3%)   
 Moderate (< 45°) 0 (0%) 18 (45%)   
 Rigid (< 10°) 40 (100%) 21 (53%)   
Midfoot frontal stiffness, (n%)    0.001 NA
 Minimal (> 45°) 0 (0%) 1 (3%)   
 Moderate (< 45°) 0 (0%) 9 (23%)   
 Rigid (< 10°) 40 (100%) 30 (75%)   
Lateral midsole hardness (Shore A), mean SD) 57.0 (0) 58.3 (0.9) < 0.001 2%
Medial midsole hardness (Shore A), mean (SD) 54.0 (0) 56.2 (1.2) < 0.001 4%
Heel midsole hardness (Shore A), mean (SD) 56.0 (0) 58.8 (1.3) < 0.001 5%
Upper wear, n (%)    < 0.001  
 None 40 (100%) 0 (0%)   
 Medial tilt 0 (0%) 17 (43%)   NA
 Neutral 0 (0%) 23 (58%)   
 Lateral tilt 0 (0%) 0 (0%)   
Midsole wear, n (%)    0.005 NA
 None 40 (100%) 0 (0%)   
 Medial 0 (0%) 8 (20%)   
 Neutral 0 (0%) 32 (80%)   
 Lateral 0 (0%) 0 (0%)   
Tread, n (%)    < 0.001 NA
 Not worn 40 (100%) 0 (0%)   
 Partly worn 0 (0%) 40 (100%)   
 Fully worn 0 (0%) (0%)   
Outsole wear, n (%)    < 0.001 NA
 None 40 (100%) 0 (0%)   
 Medial 0 (0%) 0 (0%)   
 Normal 0 (0%) 40 (100%)   
 Lateral 0 (0%) 0 (0%)   
  1. adata presented for left shoe only