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Table 2 Demographic characteristics, baseline generic prognostic baseline factors and baseline illness perceptions N = 251

From: Limited predictive value of illness perceptions for short-term poor recovery in musculoskeletal pain. A multi-center longitudinal study

  Lost to follow-up
N = 14
Age (SD) 46.1 (13.8) 41.3 (13.7)
Gender ♀ (%) 68.9 85.7
Body pain locations (%)
 Head 4.7 0.0
 Neck, shoulder, upper spins 35.6 50.0
 Elbow, pols, hand 3.8 7.1
 Lower back 16.5 21.4
 Hip, knee 14.8 0.0
 Ankle, foot 5.5 7.2
 Multiple locations 19.1 14.3
Musculoskeletal pain conditions (%) N = 192
 Joint conditions (i.e. rheumatoid arthritis 2.1 0
 Osteoarthritis 18.2 25.0
 Bone conditions (i.e. osteoporosis) 3.1 0
 Musculoskeletal injuries (e.g. low back pain) 64.1 70.0
 Regional and widespread pain disorders 12.5 0
 Multisystem inflammatory diseases 0 0
Pain intensity 0–10 (SD) 6.3 (2.8) 7.0 (2.4)
Physical functioning (0–10) 6.3 (2.2) 6.2 (1.5)
Pain duration %
 < 7 weeks 32.3 28.6
 7–13 weeks 20.7 7.1
 > 13 weeks 47.0 64.3
 > 2 pain sites (%) 19.1 14.3
4DSQ risk of (%)
 Somatization (%)
  Low (0–10) 59.8 50.0
  Medium [11–20] 29.5 41.7
  High [21–32] 10.7 8.3
 Distress (%)
  Low (0–10) 61.2 72.7
  Medium [11–20] 22.7 9.1
  High [21–32] 16.1 18.2
 Anxiety (%)
  Low (0–3) 75.4 69.2
  Medium [4–9] 10.3 23.1
  High [10–24] 14.3 7.7
 Depression (%)
  Low (0–2) 81.5 61.5
  Medium [3–5] 7.3 23.1
  High [6–12] 11.3 15.4
Baseline illness perceptions 0–10 (SD)
 Consequences 5.4 (2.9) 5.1 (3.8)
 Timeline 5.1 (3.2) 4.1 (3.0)
 Personal Controla 4.8 (2.6) 4.4 (3.7)
 Treatment Controla 7.3 (2.1) 6.1 (3.3)
 Identity 5.8 (2.3) 5.9 (3.2)
 Concern 4.1 (3.6) 5.1 (3.7)
 Coherencea 6.8 (2.5) 6.0 (3.6)
 Emotional Response 4.5 (3.1) 4.9 (3.9)
  1. SD standard deviation, 4DSQ Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire, a reversed score