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Table 3 Functional ability (HFAQ)

From: Effects of behavioural exercise therapy on the effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomised controlled trial

Functional Ability
Phase BMR + SET Mean change (SD) SES p-value BMR + BET Mean change (SD) SES p-value adjusted mean difference (95% CI) p-value
t1-t2 5.85 (13.19) 0.44 0.000 5.94 (13.09) 0.45 0.000 0.08 (−2.82 to 2.99) 0.955
t2-t4 0.37 (16.09) 0.02 0.794 −1.44 (15.72) −0.09 0.278 −1.80 (− 5.57 to 1.97) 0.349
t1-t4 6.02 (18.06) 0.33 0.000 4.69 (17.74) 0.26 0.002 −1.33 (− 5.57 to 2.92) 0.540
  1. BMR behavioural medical rehabilitation, SET standard exercise therapy, BET behavioural exercise therapy, SES standardised effect size, SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval, t1 start of BMR, t2 end of BMR, t3 6 months, t4 12 months, p significance Level, bold p < 0.05; italic = p < 0.10.