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Table 2 Baseline characteristics

From: Effects of behavioural exercise therapy on the effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomised controlled trial

Outcome (unit) N
CG/IG
Control
group (CG)
Intervention
group (IG)
Age (Year), Mean (SD) 162/165 51 (7.4) 51.24 (7.4)
Sex, Female % 163/164 81.7 75.76
Married/ Partner % 161/164 78.26 66.25
Employed % 161/163 90.68 83.54
Sick Leave due to Back Pain Last six months, Mean (SD) 163/163 17.09 (47.55) 19.67 (49.22)
Severely Handicapped ID % * 163/164 8 10
Functional Ability (HFAQ) (0–100) 163/164 62.28 (20.50) 63.33 (19.95)
Pain Intensity (NRS) (0–100) 159/162 59.99 (17.44) 59.59 (16.06)
Physical Composite Scale (SF-12) (0–100) 152/152 35.46 (9.03) 36.23 (8.39)
Mental Composite Scale (SF-12) (0–100) 152/152 40.32 (12.01) 39.97 (11.92)
Depression (PHQ-D) (0–27) 160/157 9.65 (4.66) 10.01 (5.16)
Anxiety (Gad-7) (0–21) 159/163 8.64 (4.83) 9.29 (5.02)
Stress (PSS) (0–40) 160/162 7.78 (3.20) 7.83 (3.39)
Catastrophising (AEQ) (0–6) 161/164 0.77 (1.11) 0.92 (1.15)
Help−/Hopelessness (AEQ) (0–6) 161/164 2.45 (1.21) 2.52 (1.22)
Thought Suppression (AEQ) (0–6) 163/163 3.64 (0.90) 3.72 (0.94)
Anxiety/Depression (AEQ) (0–6) 161/164 2.64 (1.16) 2.77 (1.28)
Positive Mood (AEQ) (0–6) 160/164 3.22 (1.24) 3.68 (1.24)
Avoidance of Social Activities (AEQ) (0–6) 162/163 1.86 (1.26) 2.07 (1.33)
Avoidance of Physical Activities (AEQ) (0–6) 163/163 3.31 (1.02) 3.49 (0.98)
Humour/Distraction (AEQ) (0–6) 162/163 3.07 (0.89) 3.01 (1.04)
Pain Persistence Behaviour (AEQ) (0–6) 160/164 3.68 (1.24) 3.62 (1.34)
Action-oriented Coping (FESV) (4–24) 161/ 153 14.80 (4.81) 15.02 (4.75)
Cognitive Restructuring (FESV) (4–24) 161/ 153 13.03 (4.58) 13.47 (4.47)
Subjective Coping Competence (FESV) (4–24) 161/ 153 15.45 (4.63) 15.21 (4.41)
Mental Distraction (FESV) (4–24) 161/ 153 10.58 (4.67) 10.39 (4.94)
Counter Activities (FESV) (4–24) 161/ 153 13.21 (4.37) 12.39 (4.44)
Relaxation (FESV) (4–24) 161/ 153 10.77 (4.92) 11.17 (4.66)
Fear-Avoidance (TSK) (0–24) 158/158 6.87 (3.26) 7.54 (3.53)
Somatic focus (TSK) (0–15) 159/160 6.78 (3.43) 7.17 (3.45)
Basic Physical Activity (FFkA) (hours/week) 161/163 2.89 (6.65) 2.44 (4.80)
Physical Activity during Leisure Time (FFkA) (hours/week) 161/164 3.22 (4.39) 2.72 (3.27)
Sport Activity (FFkA) (hours/week) 162/164 1.69 (2.74) 1.58 (2.64)
Total Physical Activity (FFkA) (hours/week) 161/163 7.82 (10.63) 6.73 (7.47)
Cognitive Attitudinal Component (0–8) 161/164 5.32 (0.77) 5.28 (0.80)
Emotional Attitudinal Component (0–8) 160/164 4.75 (0.81) 4.70 (0.88)
Intention (1–4) 162/164 3.30 (0.54) 3.29 (0.50)
Self-efficacy (1–4) 162/164 3.20 (0.55) 3.19 (0.60)
Action Planning (1–4) 162/162 2.88 (0.74) 2.85 (0.81)
Risk Perception (1–5) 161/162 3.23 (0.73) 3.28 (0.76)
Outcome Expectancies (1–4) 163/164 2.75 (0.31) 2.74 (0.28)
Outcome Experiences (1–4) 160/164 2.73 (0.65) 2.74 (0.80)
Action Control (1–4) 160/162 2.49 (0.67) 2.54 (0.78)
  1. N number of participants, SD standard deviation: * = p < 0.05, ID identity card, HFAQ Hannover Functional Ability Questionnaire, NRS Numeric Rating Scale, PHQ-D Patient Health Questionnaire, GAD-7 General Anxiety Disorder 7-item Scale, PSS Perceived Stress Scale, AEQ Avoidance-Endurance Questionnaire, FESV Pain Management Questionnaire, TSK Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, FFkA Freiburg Questionnaire on Physical Activity, SF-12 Short-Form-12