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Table 3 Failure modes for the parallel, Y, and posterior two plating configurations in axial loading and posterior bending directions

From: Does posterior configuration have similar strength as parallel configuration for treating comminuted distal humerus fractures? A cadaveric biomechanical study

  Axial loading (n = 12) Posterior bending (n = 15)
Parallel plating (n = 4) Y plating (n = 4) Posterior two plating (n = 4) Parallel plating (n = 5) Y plating (n = 5) Posterior two plating (n = 5)
(1) Proximal bone-screw interface loosening 0/4 0/4 0/4 2/5 (40%) 0 0
(2) Distal bone-screw interface loosening 4/4 (100%) 0/4 2/4 (50%) 3/5 (60%) 0 2/5 (40%)
(3) Plastic deformation 0/4 4/4 (100%) 2/4 (50%) 0 5/5 (100%) 3/5 (60%)