Skip to main content

Table 3 Multiple logistic regression analysis for cervico-thoracic pain with physical performance tests (n = 73)

From: Cervico-thoracic pain and associated impairments in air force personnel: a cross-sectional study

  Initial model Final model
Odds ratio 95% CI p-value Odds ratio 95% CI p-value
Movement control tests
 Neck flexion in sitting
  Controlled 1.0    0.037 1.0    0.040
  Uncontrolled 2.11 1.10 15.95   3.61 1.06 12.34  
 Chest lift
  Controlled 1.0    0.238     
  Uncontrolled 2.11 .61 7.24      
 Forward lean
  Controlled 1.0    0.038 1.0    0.044
  Uncontrolled 4.10 1.10 15.29   3.43 1.04 11.37  
Range of motion (degrees)
 Neck flexion .92 .86 0.99 0.029 .93 .87 .99 0.031
 Neck extension 1.05 .97 1.13 0.209     
 Neck rotation left 0.98 .90 1.07 0.689     
 Neck lateral flexion left .90 .79 1.03 0.113     
 Neck lateral flexion right 1.01 .89 1.15 0.843     
  1. P-values in bold indicates a variable associated with cervico-thoracic pain with p < 0.05. Post-hoc analysis with cervical and thoracic region pain separately showed that for cervical region pain; cervical flexion ROM (OR, 95% CI: 0.92, 0.86–0.99, p = 0.019), and for thoracic region pain; the movement control tests; ‘neck flexion in sitting test’ (OR, 95% CI: 9.90, 1.15–85.04, p = 0.037) and ‘chest lift test’ (OR, 95% CI: 6.61, 1.17–36.6, p = 0.032) were significantly associated, respectively.)