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Table 2 Univariate logistic regression analyses for cervico-thoracic pain with physical performance tests (n = 73)

From: Cervico-thoracic pain and associated impairments in air force personnel: a cross-sectional study

  Cervico-thoracic pain     
Yes (n = 22)   No (n = 51)   Odds Ratio 95% CI p-value
Movement control a
 Neck flexion in sitting
  Controlled 23   55   1.0    0.011
  Uncontrolled 77   45   4.14 1.32 12.94  
 Neck extension in sitting
  Controlled 41   29   1.0    0.337
  Uncontrolled 59   71   0.60 0.21 1.71  
 Neck rotation left in sitting
  Controlled 41   55   1.0    0.273
  Uncontrolled 59   45   1.76 0.64 4.84  
 Neck rotation right in sitting
  Controlled 36   43   1.0    0.590
  Uncontrolled 65   57   1.33 0.47 3.72  
 Neck flexion in supine
  Controlled 73   59   1.0    0.259
  Uncontrolled 27   41   0.54 0.18 1.60  
 Chest lift
  Controlled 36   61   1.0    0.055
  Uncontrolled 63   39   2.71 0.96 7.63  
 Pelvic Tilt
  Controlled 50   55   1.0    0.700
  Uncontrolled 50   45   1.22 0.45 3.31  
 Forward lean
  Controlled 55   78   1.0    0.039
  Uncontrolled 45   22   3.03 1.04 8.85  
Range of motion (degrees) b
 Flexion 52.7 10.5 58.8 9.0 0.93 0.88 0.99 0.015
 Extension 63.4 11.5 67.2 10.8 0.97 0.93 1.02 0.186
 Rotation left 65.4 9.2 68.6 8.0 0.96 0.90 1.02 0.146
 Rotation right 60.7 7.6 62.9 7.4 0.96 0.90 .1.03 0.252
 Lateral flexion left 35.6 6.7 39.6 7.2 0.92 0.86 1.00 0.030
 Lateral flexion right 36.0 5.5 38.1 6.7 0.95 0.87 1.03 0.195
Isometric strength and endurance c
 Flexor (Nm) 25.0 16.8 27.6 8.7 0.98 0.90 1.07 0.621
 Extensor (Nm) 40.1 11.9 39.8 9.7 .98 .89 1.07 0.658
 Flexor (s) 54.0 27.0 54.0 21.0 1.00 .97 .1.04 0.884
 Extensor (s) 106.0 64.0 92.0 44.0 1.00 .98 1.02 0.777
  1. a: Data for movement control is presented in percentages
  2. b: Data for range of motion is presented in mean (SD).
  3. c: Data for strength and endurance are presented in median (interquartile range). Missing data for strength test and endurance; the cervico-thoracic pain group: ten and thirteen for flexor and extensor tests, respectively, for the no cervico-thoracic pain group: six participants for both flexor and extensor tests. Nm = Newton meters, s = seconds. P-values in bold indicates variables associated with cervico-thoracic pain with p < 0.20 and forwarded to multiple logistic regression model