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Table 3 Average result of failure load and Young’s modulus of elasticity of gamma-irradiated tendons [8, 29, 33, 34, 37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50]

From: Different sterilization and disinfection methods used for human tendons – a systematic review using mechanical properties to evaluate tendon allografts

Type of tendon Irradiation dose Pieces Failure load(Standard Deviation) [N] Young’s modulus of elasticity (Standard Deviation) [MPa] Authors
Peroneus longus 1.5–2.5 Mrad 14 2122.8 (380.0) 94.8 (21.0) Aguila et al.
Peroneus brevis 1.5–2.5 Mrad 20 1318.4 (296.9) 72.5 (16.6)
Patellar tendon 18.3–21.8 kGy 9 2410 (1100) 88.11 (26.9) Balsly et al.
Patellar tendon 24.0–28.5 kGy 9 2410 (930) 72.44 (21.30)
Anterior tibialis 18.3–21.8 kGy 10 2890 (720) 328.47 (37.12)
Anterior tibialis 24.0–28.5 kGy 10 2420 (330) 309.66 (56.67)
Semitendinosus 18.3–21.8 kGy 8 1010 (360) 369.08 (122.47)
Semitendinosus 24.0–28.5 kGy 10 1230 (380) 410.08 (98.86)
Fascia lata 18.3–21.8 kGy 10 460 (140) 366.27 (87.38)
Fascia lata 24.0–28.5 kGy 10 420 (190) 238.51 (113.43)
Anterior or posterior tibialis (young) 1.48–1.80 Mrad 10 3062 (699) Greaves et al.
Anterior or posterior tibialis (middle) 1.48–1.80 Mrad 13 2729 (995)
Anterior or posterior tibialis (old) 1.48–1.80 Mrad 10 3004 (603)
Flexor digitorum superficialis 25 kGy 10 335.96 (28.32) 357.72 (43.97) Ren et al.
Flexor digitorum superficialis 25 kGy (freeze thaw) 10 287.41 (23.20) 346.95 (69.09)
Achilles 18–24 kGy 10 3572.54 (393.57) 181.7 (24.05) Hangody et al.
Achilles 38–46 kGy 10 392.01 (180.91) 134.75 (15.07)
Quadriceps 18–24 kGy 10 3184.32 (101.62) 302.96 (45.71)
Quadriceps 38–46 kGy 10 3464.35 (462.45) 192.28 (51.88)
Semitendinosus + gracilis 18–24 kGy 10 2310.32 (561.2) 248.93 (14.43)
Semitendinosus + gracilis 38–46 kGy 10 2271.96 (651.12) 213.88 (20.28)
Tibialis anterior 18–24 kGy 10 3107.76 (606.41) 327.93 (44.31)
Tibialis anterior 38–46 kGy 10 2678.96 (181.45) 375.15 (67.84)
Peroneus longus 18–24 kGy 10 2631.81 (297.94) 284.84 (16.03)
Peroneus longus 38–46 kGy 10 2291.71 (523.76) 333.11 (79.11)
Patellar tendon 4 Mrad 16 1884 (330) Rasmussen et al.
Achilles 1.5–2.5 Mrad 10 1972 (558) 129.48 (53.22) Conrad et al.
Tibialis anterior 20–26 kGy 12 1671.9 (290.2) 22.6 (5.9) Schimizzi et al.
Tibialis tendon 17.1–21 kGy 10 597.09 (280.32) 179.02 (73.13) Elenes et al.
Bone – patellar tendon – bone 25 kGy 10 1009 (400) Hoburg et al.
Hoburg et al.
Bone – patellar tendon – bone 34 kGy 10 1073 (617)