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Table 4 Mean (SD) Change of Pain Intensity from Baseline by Study Group (N = 14)

From: Effect of a novel stretching technique on shoulder range of motion in overhead athletes with glenohumeral internal rotation deficits: a randomized controlled trial

  Time Change from Baseline Novel Stretching (n1 = 7) Traditional Stretching (n2 = 7) Mean Difference (95% CI) p-value* Effect Size (Cohen’s d)
Pain Intensity Week 4 3.72 (1.70) 0.57 (1.13) 3.14 (1.46, 4.83) 0.002 2.17
  1. Abbreviation: SD Standard Deviation, CI Confidence Interval
  2. *Independent t-Test, level of significance was set at p ≤ 0.05