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Table 3 Mean (SD) of Pain Intensity by Study Group over Time (N = 14)

From: Effect of a novel stretching technique on shoulder range of motion in overhead athletes with glenohumeral internal rotation deficits: a randomized controlled trial

  Novel Stretching (n1 = 7)a Traditional Stretching (n2 = 7) p-value over time*2) p-value (group x time)*2)
Baseline 4 weeks later Baseline 4 weeks later
Pain Intensity 4.43 (1.39) 0.71 (0.49) 2.57 (0.54) 2.00 (1.40) 0.019 (0.38) < 0.001 (0.72)
  1. Abbreviations: SD Standard Deviation, η2 Partial Eta Squared
  2. *Analysis of Covariance, level of significance was set at p ≤ 0.05
  3. aSignificant difference between baseline & week 4 (p = 0.001)