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Table 2 Mean (SD) of Glenohumeral Internal ROM (N) by Study Group over Time (N = 42)

From: Effect of a novel stretching technique on shoulder range of motion in overhead athletes with glenohumeral internal rotation deficits: a randomized controlled trial

  Novel Stretching (n1 = 20) Traditional Stretching (n2 = 22) p-value over time*2) p-value (group x time)*2)
Baseline Immediate 4 weeks later Baseline Immediate 4 weeks later
GHIR_ROMa 49.2 (12.7) 63.7 (10.3) 72.0 (10.6) 49.6 (15.7) 62.6 (15.8) 68.1 (14.5) < 0.001 (0.77) 0.27 (0.03)
  1. Abbreviations: SD Standard Deviation, GHIR_ROM Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Range of Motion; η2 Partial Eta Squared
  2. *Mixed Factorial ANOVA, level of significance was set at p ≤ 0.05
  3. aSignificant difference between baseline & immediate, baseline & week 4, and immediate & week 4 (p < 0.001)