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Table 4 Summary of published literatures on perioperative outcomes and complications of AIS surgery

From: Perioperative outcome and complications following single-staged Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) using pedicle screw instrumentation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): a review of 1057 cases from a single centre

Paper Year Single/ Multi N Approach Operation Time (mins) Blood Loss (ml) Length of Stay (days) Allogeneic Blood Transfusion Complication Rate Mortality Neurologic Deficit Infection Respiratory DVT/PE
Present paper  2021 S 1057 PSF 146.8 ± 49.4 952.9 ± 530.4 3.5 ± 0.9 53 (5)  24 (2.27) 0 5 (0.47) 14 (1.32) 1 (0.09) 0
Koo et al. [36] 2020 M 3759 PSF NA NA 5.16 ± 2.8 721(19.2) 864 (23.0) NS NS 51 (1.7) 60 (1.6) 0
Vavruch et al. [37] 2019 M 27 PSF 255 ± 48 1615 ± 901 8 ± 1.3 NA 7 (25.9) 0 NS 2 (7.4) 0 NS
Bartley et al. [28] 2017 M 3582 ASF, PSF and APSF NA NA NA NA 93 (2.6) 1 (0.03) 19 (0.53) 20 (0.56) 13 (0.36) 0
Menger et al. [12] 2017 M 75,106 NS NA NA 5.72 NA 6451 (8.59) 69 (0.1) 648 (0.9) 496 (0.4) 2068 (2.8) 73 (0.1)
Sugawara et al. [10] 2017 M 458 NS NA NA NA NA 37 (8.08) 0 12 (2.62) 11 (2.4) 1 (0.22) 1 (0.22)
de Bodman et al. [38] 2017 S 70 MIS PSF 337.1 ± 121.3 345.7 ± 175.1 4.6 ± 0.8 0 8 (11.4) 0 0 4 (5.7) 1 (1.4) 1 (1.4)
Chiu et al. [39] 2016 S 100 PSF 188.5 ± 53.4 951 ± 454 3.5 ± 0.9 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Vigneswaran et al. [16] 2015 M 1783–5228 ASF, PSF and APSF NA NA 5.6 ± 5.7 – 6.6 ± 6.2 NA 279 (15.65)– 1167 (22.32) 1 (0.02) – 4 (0.22) < 1% 43 (2.4) – 89 (1.7) < 1% < 1%
Vigneswaran et al. [16] 2015 M 1130–4917 PSF only NA NA 5.4 ± 5–5.9 ± 4.2 NA 164 (14.5) – 1010 (27.3) 9 (0.06) < 1% 50 (4.4) – 98 (2) < 1% < 1%
Basques et al. [33] 2015 M 733 PSF > 365 mins in 108 (14.7%) NA > 6 days in 60 (8.2%) NA 27 (3.7) 0 3 (0.4) 15 (2.0) 1 (0.1) 0
Imajo et al. [40] 2015 M 1485 ASF, PSF and APSF NA NA NA NA 245 (16.5) 1 (0.07) 31 (2.1) NS NS NS
Tarrant et al. [14] 2014 M 77 PSF 330.0a (258.0–420.0) 1012 (791–1400) 10a (8–11) 36 (46.8) 4 (5.2) 0 NA 5 (6.5) 19 (24.68) 0
Cristante et al. [35] 2014 S 94 PSF 329.99 (307.95–358.02) NA NA 43 (47.7) NA NA NA NA NA NA
Roberts at al [13] 2014 S 72 PSF 139.0 (108–190) 419 (180–750) 6.1 (5–8) NA 1 (1.4) 0 1 (1.4) 0 0 0
Divecha et al. [18] 2014 M 9295 NS NA NA NA NA 339 (3.64) 17 (0.19) 100 (1.1) 222 (2.4) NA NA
Yilmaz et al. [25] 2012 S 35 PSF 351.5 ± 73.2 1211.7 ± 643.7 NA NA 1 (2.85) NA 0 1 (2.85) 0 0
Fu et al. [31] 2011 M 23,918 NS NA NA NA NA 2040 (8.5) 31 (0.13) 324 (1.4) 661 (2.7) 224 (0.9) 17 (0.07)
Reames et al. [2] 2011 M 11,227 NS NA NA NA NA 760 (6.3) 2 (0.02) 86 (0.8) 156 (1.4) 63 (0.6) 6 (0.05)
Hod-Feins et al. [9] 2007 S 95 ASF, PSF and APSF 402 NA 3.23 NA NA 0 2 (2.1) 0 5 (5.2) 0
Carreon et al. [4] 2007 M 702 ASF, PSF and APSF NA NA NA NA 108 (15.4) 0 NS 5 (0.71) 13 (1.85) 0
Coe et al. [11] 2006 M 4369 PSF NA NA NA NA 221 (5.05) 2 (0.05) 14 (0.32) 59 (1.35) 42 (0.96) 3 (0.07)
  1. Figures are expressed in means (range) or ± SD, unless specified. aFigures are expressed in median. NA Not available, NS Not specified, ASF Anterior spinal fusion, PSF Posterior spinal fusion, APSF Anterior and posterior spinal fusion, S Single-center, M Multi-center, DVT Deep vein thrombosis, PE Pulmonary embolism