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Table 3 The material properties of the ligaments

From: Biomechanical effect of different plate-to-disc distance on surgical and adjacent segment in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion - a finite element analysis

ALL PLL LF ISL CL
Displacement (mm) Force (N) Displacement (mm) Force (N) Displacement (mm) Force (N) Displacement (mm) Force (N) Displacement (mm) Force (N)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 35.5 0.9 1.33 1.7 2.2 1.2 0.75 1.7 2.452
2 64.9 2 29.0 3.74 45.9 2.7 16.9 3.9 53.6
4 89.7 3 51.4 5.61 82.9 4.0 24.4 5.8 87.9
5 108.6 4 71.38 7.48 119.6 5.4 29.5 7.7 109.4
6 119.6 5 85.8 9.35 133.7 6.7 32.9 9.7 125.8
   6 94.7 11.3 147.2 8.1 34.9 11.5 134.8
  1. ALL Anterior longitudinal ligament, CL Capsular ligament, ISL Interspinous ligament, LF Ligamentum flavum, PLL Posterior longitudinal ligament