Skip to main content

Table 3 Sensitivity and specificity of conventional radiographs reported by other authors and in the current series

From: The value of conventional radiographs for diagnosing internal fixation-associated infection

  Infections analyzed Cases with / without disease Sensitivity (95% CI) Specificity (95% CI)
Al-Sheikh (1985) [17] Chronic orthopedic, with and without implants 10 / 12 60% (28–86%) 76% (36–89%)
Tumeh, (1987) [18] Chronic osteomyelitis after fracture, infection or surgery (excl. Joint prosthesis) 35 / 69 37% (21–55%) 84% (73–92%)
Whalen (1991) [19] Spinal 9 / 2 78% (40–96%) 100% (16–100%)
Malcius (2009) [20] Acute hematogenic, pediatric 156 / 27 16% (10–23%) (early) 96% (78–100%) (early)
Current series Internal fixation devices 116 / 305 RLa: 16% (10–24%) RLa: 91% (87–94%)
PRa: 12% (7–19%) PRa: 95% (92–97%)
  1. aRL Radiolucent line, PR Periosteal reaction