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Table 6 Pre-operative total knee replacement exercise types: Importance ratings summary

From: Consensus on pre-operative total knee replacement education and prehabilitation recommendations: a UK-based modified Delphi study

Pre-operative total knee replacement exercise type itema % Important or Very Important rating
Round 1 (n = 60) Round 2 (n = 57) Round 3 (n = 55)
3.1 Leg strengthening exercises 98 100 100
3.2 Arm strengthening exercises 43 51 64
3.3 Leg flexibility exercises 83 95 98
3.4 Arm flexibility exercises 27 25 29
3.5 Torso flexibility exercises 43 32 27
3.6 Balance exercises 85 95 100
3.7 Functional movement exercises 87 96 95
3.8 Functional technique exercises 80 89 91
3.9 Warm-up exercises 58 60 55
3.10 Cool-down exercises 48 44 36
3.11 Cardiovascular exercises 60 67 75
3.12 Core control exercises 60 68 76
3.13 Walking practice with walking aids 83 88 91
3.14 Training on steps 83 91 95
3.15 Practicing post-operative exercises N/A 89 96
3.16 Water-based exercises N/A 32 25
3.17 Exercises in which the foot does not move N/A 39 18
  1. N/A Not applicable because the item was not included in Round 1
  2. a Consensus was defined as at least 70% of respondents rating an item as ‘Important’ or ‘Very important’. Items in italics did not reach consensus in Round 3 and hence were excluded from the final list of recommendations. Items in bold were prioritised as ‘Very important’. Items in plain text were prioritised as ‘Important’