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Table 4 Effect of the injection at two and four weeks

From: Transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tCDS) after subacromial injections in patients with subacromial pain syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot study

Measure Mean change (change SD) at 2 weeks Mean change (change SD) at 4 weeks Gr x time effect (p)
r-tDCS s-tDCS Control r-tDCS s-tDCS Control
WORC 8.96 (17.61) 15.66 (17.41) 28.89 (23.37) 10.67 (17.51) 12.81 (16.88) 26.04 (27.41) 0.072
QuickDASH −10.13 (22.56) − 8.28 (12.88) − 18.05 (16.24) −8.64 (16.11) − 7.61 (10.61) − 14.68 (20.14) 0.366
Pain VASa −15.23 (12.40) − 15.33 (20.06) −28.82 (20.82) −18.36 (20.13) − 16.49 (14.83) −35.81 (21.33) 0.047
Activity VASa 6.20 (13.91) 0.87 (18.41) 13.57 (22.96) 4.57 (12.53) 4.67 (22.23) 11.02 (29.08) 0.430
SANEa 18.17 (18.21) 10.79 (15.10) 25.89 (18.82) 20.50 (20.20) 11.53 (12.62) 29.53 (18.98) 0.058
Strength (kg)
- Jobe −0.47 (3.52) −1.42 (3.31) −0.92 (2.44) − 0.11 (3.45) − 1.17 (2.96) − 0.60 (2.66) 0.694
- Ext rotation 0.64 (2.10) 0.83 (1.45) 0.49 (1.58) 1.44 (2.57) 1.64 (1.16) 1.24 (2.42) 0.803
- Int rotation 0.69 (2.03) 0.76 (2.01) 0.44 (2.59) 1.68 (2.24) 1.89 (2.05) 0.64 (3.45) 0.178
ROM (°)
- Abduction −2.75 (14.55) 3.00 (16.03) 6.62 (17.25) 1.50 (18.94) 3.67 (13.49) 7.64 (15.64) 0.644
- Flexion 3.83 (18.85) −0.33 (14.69) 3.31 (9.47) 0.75 (8.83) 0.17 (13.37) 8.14 (13.25) 0.626
- Scaption −2.92 (15.61) −1.36 (7.23) 3.31 (9.75) 2.58 (11.63) −1.27 (7.27) 5.36 (13.04) 0.528
Accelerometera
 - AT −0.0653 (0.0382) − 0.0235 (0.0517) 0.5339 (0.13) −0.585 (0.0524) 0.0063 (0.0362) 0.0176 (0.1523) 0.159
- AC −8.51 (14.81) −23.81 (36.65) −3.44 (40.60) − 8.35 (63.45) −31.02 (14.37) −7.65 (25.18) 0.684
- LIA 0.0182 (0.0153) 0.0061 (0.0097) −0.0149 (0.0289) 0.0255 (0.0302) 0.0142 (0.0053) −0.0024 (0.0193) 0.338
- MIA 0.0363 (0.0141) −0.0128 (0.0322) 0.0141 (0.1085) 0.0018 (0.0243) 0.0423 (0.0605) 0.0137 (0.0301) 0.005
- HIA −0.0488 (0.0188) 0.0084 (0.0314) −0.0007 (0.1240) −0.0245 (0.0474) − 0.0534 (0.0639) −0.0100 (0.0387) 0.019
  1. Results shown as Mean (SD)
  2. Abbreviations: SD Standard Deviation, Gr Group, Wk week, AT active time, AC activity count, LIA low intensity activity, MIA medium intensity activity, HIA high intensity activity, VAS visual analog scale, Ext external, Int internal
  3. aChange calculated from the average of the pre-injection week. and second and fourth week after the injection