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Table 3 The retrospective series that used distal locking plates combined with CC ligament fixation are compared

From: Locking plate combined with titanium cable for Neer type II distal clavicle fractures

Author Number of patients Mean follow-up Fixation method Union rate Functional outcome Complications Implant removal
Kalamaras et al. [8] 9 13.6 months 1.Synthes distal radius LCP (9/9)
2. Suture cerclage (6/9)
100 % Average Constant 96 Wound infection (1)
Malreduction (1)
0
Herrmann et al. [12] 7 8.3 months 3.5 mm locking T-plate
with suture cerclage
100 % Average Constant 93.3
Average DASH 15.3
None 2
Andersen et al. [7] 20 30.7 months 1. Locking plate (20/20)
2. suture cerclage (9/20)
3. CC screw (2/20)
94 % Average ASES 79.0 Infected nonunion (1)
Peri-implant fracture (1)
4
Schliemann et al. [14] 14 38 months 3.5 mm locking plate
with suture button
100 % Average Constant 93.5 implant irritation (3)
CC ligaments calcifications (3)
7
Johnston et al. [13] 6 15.6 months Distal clavicle locking plate with suture button 100 % Average ASES 97.97 None 1
Lei Han et al. [11] 12 26.3 months Anatomical locking plate with suture anchor augmentation 100 % Average Constant 94
Average DASH 10.4
None NR
Fan Zhang et al. (present study) 21 20.6 months Distal clavicle anatomical locking plate with titanium Cable 100 % Average Constant 94.6
Average UCLA 33.3
Wound infection (1) 2
  1. CC coracoclavicular; ASES American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons; DASH Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand; NR not reported