Skip to main content

Table 2 Time from first physiotherapy session to first surgery, number of physiotherapy sessions and cost of physiotherapy before lumbar spine surgery, and time from injury date to first physiotherapy session, by type of surgery

From: Physiotherapy utilisation and costs before lumbar spine surgery: a retrospective analysis of workers compensation claims in Australia

Time from first physiotherapy session to first surgery Fusion Decompression
Median (IQR) monthsa 15 (8 to 29) 5 (3 to 11)
Max* 101 92
N 678 1627
  Fusion Decompression
  N (%) N (%)
No physiotherapyb 123 (15.4%) 644 (28.4%)
< 4 weeks 17 (2.1%) 170 (7.5%)
4 weeks to <6 months 103 (12.9%) 721 (31.8%)
6 months to <1 year 148 (18.5%) 394 (17.4%)
1 year to <2 years 189 (23.6%) 213 (9.4%)
≥2 years 220 (27.5%) 128 (5.6%)
N 800 2270
Number of sessions from first physiotherapy session to first surgeryc Fusion Decompression
Mean (SD) sessions 28 (35) 16 (21)
Max* 387 172
N 800 2270
  Fusion Decompression
  N (%) N (%)
0 sessions 124 (15.5%) 645 (28.4%)
1–8 sessions 126 (15.8%) 506 (22.3%)
9–24 sessions 221 (27.6%) 571 (25.2%)
25–50 sessions 184 (23.0%) 394 (17.4%)
> 50 sessions 145 (18.1%) 154 (6.8%)
N 800 2270
Cost of physiotherapyd Fusion Decompression
Mean (IQR) cost $2357 ($453 to $2947) $1265 ($0 to $1808)
Max* $53,249 $19,578
N 800 2270
Time from injury date to first physiotherapy session Fusion Decompression
Median (IQR) daysa 23 (9 to 66) 19 (7 to 53)
Max* 1382 2064
N 678 1627
  Fusion Decompression
  N (%) N (%)
No physiotherapyb 123 (15.4%) 644 (28.4%)
<1 week 124 (15.5%) 375 (16.5%)
1 week to <6 weeks 320 (40.0%) 767 (33.8%)
≥6 weeks 233 (29.1%) 484 (21.3%)
N 800 2270
  1. n Number of people; IQR Interquartile range; SD Standard deviation.
  2. aexcluding people who had ‘no physiotherapy’; bpeople who had a non-treatment billing item as their first and only physiotherapy service provided (i.e. PTA012 and PTA014) were considered to have ‘no physiotherapy’; cexcludes non-treatment billing items (PTA012 and PTA014); dincludes non-treatment billing items (PTA012 and PTA014)
  3. *: minimum value was zero for all analyses