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Table 1 Demographics, surgical variables, and immediate postoperative outcomes in adolescent patients with spinal deformity correction who refused blood transfusion

From: Safe and effective performance of pediatric spinal deformity surgery in patients unwilling to accept blood transfusion: a clinical study and review of literature

  Idiopathic
(n = 15)
Non-Idiopathic
(n = 5)
Demographic Variables
 Age (years) 14.7 ± 2.6 12.4 ± 0.9
 Gender (n, %)
  Female 10 (66.7%) 3 (60%)
  Male 5 (33.3%) 2 (40%)
 BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 ± 5.4 23.9 ± 7.8
 Diagnosis (n, %)
  AIS 14 (93.3%) 0
  JIS 1 (6.7%) 0
  Congenital 0 2 (40%)
  Neuromuscular 0 3 (60%)
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 13.3 ± 0.9 13.8 ± 1.5
Surgical Variables
 Number of Fusion Levels 10.9 ± 2.3 13.0 ± 4.8
 Number of Ponte Osteotomies 5.7 ± 2.5 5.8 ± 5.6
 Number of Thoracoplasty Levels 3.7 ± 1.8 0
 Hemivertebra Resection (n, %) 0 1 (20%)
 Iliac Fixation (n, %) 0 3 (60%)
 EBL (mL) 286.3 ± 126.0 372.6 ± 154.2
 % EBVL 7.2 ± 3.1 12.7 ± 7.7
 Cell Saver Returned (mL) 74.6 ± 56.2 96.6 ± 58.3
 Total Fluids Transfused (mL) 2114.7 ± 510.3 2461.0 ± 693.0
 Operative Time (min) 197.7 ± 61.5 265.2 ± 53.4
Postoperative Outcomes
 Hemoglobin POD 1 (g/dL) 11.5 ± 1.2 10.6 ± 2.2
 Hemoglobin POD 2 (g/dL) 10.6 ± 1.1 9.8 ± 2.0
 Decrease in Hemoglobin (g/dL) 2.7 ± 0.9 3.9 ± 2.9
 Number of Days in ICU 0 1.2 ± 2.2
 Length of Stay in Hospital (days) 4.9 ± 0.6 5.4 ± 2.1
 In-hospital Complications (n, %) 0 1 (20%)
 Late Complications (n, %) 0 2 (40%)
  1. BMI Body mass index, EBL Estimated blood loss, AIS Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, JIS Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, % EBVL Percent estimated blood volume loss, POD Postoperative day