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Table 3 Associations between risk factors and baseline fear-of-falling using multivariable binary logistic regression (high fear, n = 390/low fear, n = 168)

From: Fear-of-falling and associated risk factors in persons with rheumatoid arthritis: a 1 year prospective study

Risk factor Score Odds ratio
(OR)
OR 95% Confidence Intervals p-value
Gender Male (referent)
Female
1.24 0.64,2.37 0.65
Age 18–88 0.97 0.95,1.00 0.1
Number of swollen joints 0–28 0.91 0.85,0.99 0.02
Number of tender joints 0–28 0.97 0.89,1.04 0.4
DAS28 Score 0.1–8.9 1.37 0.95,1.99 0.1
Psychotropic medicines No (referent) 1.15 0.44,3.00 0.8
Yes    
Four or more types of medicines No (referent) 1.74 0.82,3.68 0.1
Yes    
Taking steroids at baseline No (referent) 1.33 0.58,3.03 0.5
Yes    
History of stroke or Parkinson’s disease No (referent) 0.53 0.14,1.92 0.3
Yes    
VAS pain score 0–10 1.00 0.85,1.16 0.9
VAS fatigue score 0–10 1.03 0.90,1.17 0.7
History of falls in previous 12 months 0 fall (referent)
1 fall
2 or more falls
1.56
5.43
0.70,3.52
1.81,16.27
0.3
0.003
Number of joint replacement 0–6 0.87 0.57,1.33 0.5
History of previous injuries No (referent) 1.11 0.48,2.57 0.8
Yes    
History of previous surgery No (referent) 0.66 0.33,1.30 0.2
Yes    
Painful feet No (referent) 2.34 1.11,4.52 0.025
Yes    
HAQ score 1.00–4.00 7.79 3.87,15.69 < 0.001
Four test balance scalea:
 Semi- tandem stand 2 1.15 0.50,2.64 0.7
 Tandem stand 3 0.71 0.30,1.67 0.4
 One – leg stand 4 (referent)    
Complaints of feeling dizzy or unsteady No (referent) 3.81 2.01,7.22 < 0.001
Yes    
Time taken for chair stand test 4–104 s 1.05 1.00, 1.10 0.048
  1. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test.
  2. x2 = 5.0, df = 8, p = 0.759. Nagelkerke R2 = 61.3%
  3. aUnable to add ‘feet together stand’ category as too few participants