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Table 1 Participant characteristics at baseline and 1 year follow up

From: Fear-of-falling and associated risk factors in persons with rheumatoid arthritis: a 1 year prospective study

Variable Baseline (n = 559) 1 year follow up (n = 254)
Demographics
 Female n (%) 386 (69.1) 174 (68.5)
 Agea 62 (12.8) 62 (10.0)
 White British n (%) 534 (95.5) 240 (94.5)
 Married/living with partner n (%) 378 (69.7) 199 (80.6)
 Employed n (%) 134 (24.0) 55 (21.7)
Disease factors
 Swollen joints (0–28)a 4.6 (6.2) 4.3 (6.0)
 Tender joints (0–28)a 5.3 (6.9) 5.4 (7.0)
 DAS28 score (0–10)a 4.1 (1.6) 4.1 (2.6)
 Taking steroids at baseline n (%) 117 (20.9) 47 (18.5)
 VAS pain score (0–10)a 3.9 (2.6) 3.8 (2.6)
 VAS fatigue score (0–10)a 4.7 (2.8) 4.5 (2.8)
 HAQ score (1–4)a 2.4 (0.9) 2.4 (0.8)
Medical history
 History of fractures n (%) 228 (40.8) 107 (42.1)
 Poor vision (reg. Blind, v poor or poor) n (%) 46 (8.2) 19 (7.5)
 Number of co-morbidities a 2.0 (2.0) 1.9 (1.9)
 Previous surgery n (%) 408 (73.0) 187 (73.6)
 Previous joint replacementsa 0.2 (0.5) 0.2 (0.5)
 Injuries from previous falls a n (%) 1.6 (1.4) 1.6 (1.4)
Fall risk factors
 History of stroke/Parkinsons n (%) 38 (6.8) 20 (7.9)
 Psychotropic medication n (%) 104 (18.6) 51 (20.1)
 Four or more types of medicines n (%) 431 (77.1) 196 (77.2)
 Feeling dizzy or unsteady n (%) 370 (66.2) 167 (65.7)
 Painful feet n (%) 431 (77.2) 192 (75.5)
 Short FES-I score (7–28)a 15.3 (6.5) 14.8 (6.3)
Four test balance scale
Fail at each level
 Unsuccessful n (%) 39 (7.0) 13 (5.1)
 Feet together stand n (%) 13 (2.3) 7 (2.8)
 Semi-tandem stand n (%) 216 (38.6) 93 (36.6)
 Tandem stand n (%) 116 (20.8) 55 (21.7)
 One leg stand n (%) 175 (31.3) 86 (33.9)
 Able to complete 5 chair stands n (%) 484 (86.6) 217 (85.4)
 Time taken for 5 chair stands (Seconds) a 21.0 (12.2) 21.1 (13.2)
  1. amean (SD)