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Table 5 Crude and adjusted B-value with 95% CI for change in pain intensity (− 10 to 10, higher is worse) from baseline to 3 months, goal classes, demographical, anthropometric, psychosocial and disease-specific variables. B > 0 indicates poorer outcome. N = 1273

From: Associations between treatment goals, patient characteristics, and outcome measures for patients with musculoskeletal disorders in physiotherapy practice

Variable Univariate regression B (95% CI) p Multiple regression model B (95% CI) p
Goal classes     
Symptom only Reference   Reference  
Function/structure included .21 (−.19 to .60) .304 .29 (−.09 to .68) .137
Activity/participation included −.17 (−.54 to .21) .383 .08 (−.30 to .45) .676
Non-classifiable .89 (.32 to 1.46) .002 .87 (.32 to 1.42) .002
Age .01 (.01 to .02) .002 .01 (.01 to .02) .001
Gender −.22 (−.51 to .06) .128 −.17 (−.44 to .11) .239
BMI .01 (−.01 to .02) .676   
Treatment beliefa     
Totally agree Reference    
Agree .19 (−.11 to .49) .218   
Neither agree nor disagree −.01 (−.58 to .57) .989   
Emotional distress (HSCL10, score 1–4), .24 (−.03 to .51) .082   
Severity (0–10) −.43 (−.51 to −.36) <.001 −.45 (−.53 to −.38) <.001
Duration     
  < 3 months Reference    
3–12 months −.21 (−.79 to .37) .514   
  > 12 months −.08 (−.60 to .43) .752   
Body region/diagnosis     
Spinal Reference   Reference  
Upper extremities −.25 (−.64 to .13) .205 −.23 (−.60 to .14) .228
Lower extremities −.01 (−.33 to .31) .953 −.04 (−.35 to .27) .796
Unspecific/multisite conditions .81 (.31 to 1.33) .002 .91 (.41 to 1.39) <.001
  1. CI Confidence intervals, HSCL10 Hopkins Symptom Check List 10 item version. Severity = average of pain intensity last week (0–10) and inverted rating of PSFS (0–10), higher is worse
  2. a: Two patients answered disagree and one patient answered totally disagree. Data not presented in table due to low number