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Table 4 Variables of MSK pain

From: Patterns of pain location in music students: a cluster analysis

Variable n %
Type (n = 340)
 Continuous steady constant 112 32.9%
 Rhythmic periodic intermittent 134 39.4%
 Brief momentary transient 94 27.7%
Intensity [VAS] (n = 340)
 Median 4  
 Range 1–10  
Disability [PAS-QuickDASH score] (n = 232)
 Median 31.3  
 Range 0–100  
Disability [PDI score] (n = 265)
 Median 15  
 Range 1–51  
Pain self-efficacy [PSEQ-2 score] (n = 340)
 Median 10  
 Range 12–2  
  1. VAS Visual Analogue Scale, PRMD Playing-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders, PAS-QuickDASH Performing Arts Section of the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Outcome Measure, PDI Pain Disability Index, PSEQ-2 2-item short form of the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire