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Table 3 Theory-informed physiotherapy intervention outlining phases targeted by behavioural change techniques

From: Utilising the perspectives of patients with lower-limb osteoarthritis on prescribed physical activity to develop a theoretically informed physiotherapy intervention

Session Number Targeted Phase Specific BCTs Reoccurring BCTs
1–2 Adoption • Goal setting (behaviour and/or outcome)
• Action planning (including implementation intentions)
• Information on health consequences of performing the behaviour
• Information on social and environmental consequences
• Rewards (one of: Material, non-specific, social, self-reward, or outcome
• Review behaviour goals (and/or outcome)
• Feedback on behaviour (and/or outcomes)
• Self-monitoring of behaviour (and/or outcomes of behaviour)
• Social support (unspecified)
• Social support (practical)
• Instruction in how to perform the behaviour
• Modelling/demonstration of behaviour
• Behavioural rehearsal/practice
• Graded Tasks
• Pharmacological Support
• Body changesa
• Credible sourcea
3–4 Routine Formation • Prompts/cues
• Habit formation
• Generalisation of a target behaviour
• Adding objects to the environment (e.g. objects to facilitate behaviour)
5–6 Maintenance • Problem Solving
• Behavioural Contract
• Reduce negative emotions
• Restructuring of social environment
• Verbal persuasion about capability
• Social comparison
• Information about others’ approval
  1. BCT Behaviour Change Technique
  2. aDenotes associated BCT occurrences naturally from delivering the intervention as planned