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Table 5 Spearman correlation coefficients (rs) between the change in PCS and HADS with the change in Functional Outcomes

From: Functional improvement in hip pathology is related to improvement in anxiety, depression, and pain catastrophizing: an intricate link between physical and mental well-being

Change in Level of Function N rs p-value FDR
  Change in PCS Total
HOS Function 201 −0.298 0.0001 0.0003
HOOS ADL 201 −0.373 0.0001 0.0003
HOOS Symptoms 201 −0.216 0.0022 0.0026
HOOS Stiffness 201 −0.200 0.0046 0.0046
HOOS Sport 201 −0.264 0.0002 0.0004
HOOS QoL 201 −0.254 0.0003 0.0005
  Change in HADS Depression
HOS Function 201 −0.317 0.0001 0.0001
HOOS ADL 201 −0.363 0.0001 0.0001
HOOS Symptoms 201 −0.298 0.0001 0.0001
HOOS Stiffness 201 −0.221 0.0017 0.0017
HOOS Sport 201 −0.272 0.0001 0.0001
HOOS QoL 201 −0.271 0.0001 0.0001
  Change in HADS Anxiety
HOS Function 201 −0.129 0.0690 0.0828
HOOS ADL 201 −0.264 0.0002 0.0012
HOOS Symptoms 201 −0.177 0.0123 0.0369
HOOS Stiffness 201 −0.155 0.0290 0.0580
HOOS Sport 201 −0.133 0.0617 0.0828
HOOS QoL 201 −0.105 0.1373 0.1373
  1. Note. Change was operationally defined as post minus pre level. p-value = Two-tailed test on Spearman’s Rho. FDR False Discovery Rate, HOS Hip Outcome Survey, HOOS Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, PCS Pain Catastrophizing Scale, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale