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Table 4 Spearman’s rho correlation coefficient of the sum score of PSEQ-Am with the sub-scale of the SF-36 (N = 239)

From: Cross-cultural translation, adaptation, and validation of the Amharic version pain self-efficacy questionnaire in people with low back pain in Ethiopia

SF-36 Correlation with total score of PSEQ-Am (95% CI) (n = 239) Correlation by duration of pain (95% CI) Correlation by sex of the participants (95% CI)
Acute LBP (n = 52) Chronic LBP (n = 187) Male (n = 97) Female (n = 142)
Physical functioning (PF) 0.38 (0.26–0.48) ** 0.22 (−0.10–0.52) 0.44 (0.30–0.56) ** 0.48 (0.30–0.63) ** 0.32 (0.14–0.48) **
Role Functioning Physical (RP) 0.32 (0.19–0.43) ** 0.52 (0.28–0.70) ** 0.24 (0.13–0.40) ** 0.37 (0.18–0.54) ** 0.27 (0.09–0.42) **
Social Functioning (SF) 0.36 (0.25–0.47) ** 0.45 (0.21–0.65**) 0.35 (0.21–0.50) ** 0.46 (0.23–0.62) ** 0.28 (0.13–0.44) **
Bodily pain (BP) 0.51 (0.40–0.61) ** 0.67 (0.47–0.80) ** 0.46 (0.33–0.56) ** 0.55 (0.37–0.68) ** 0.47 (0.32–0.60) **
Role Functioning Emotional (RE) 0.28 (0.17–0.4) ** 0.22 (−0.02–0.43) 0.29 (0.15–0.42) ** 0.36 (0.16–0.53) ** 0.21 (0.05–0.36) **
Emotional Well-Being (EW) 0.36** (0.23–0.47) 0.23 (0.16–0.67) 0.42**(0.23–0.53) 0.55 (0.40–0.68) ** 0.24 (0.08–0.40) **
Energy /Vitality (VT) 0.31** (0.20–0.42) 0.17 (−0.07–0.44) 0.36 (0.22–0.49) ** 0.39 (0.18–0.57) ** 0.24 (0.06–0.40) **
General health perception (GH) 0.40** (0.28–0.52) 0.36 (0.10–0.58) ** 0.45 (0.32–0.56) ** 0.44 (0.23–0.60) ** 0.37 (0.20–0.51) **
  1. PSEQ Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, SF-36 short form Medical outcome survey, LBP Low back pain
  2. **. correlation is significant at 0.01 significant level (2-tailed), CI: Confidence Interval