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Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics in axial SpA patients and healthy controls

From: The role of lymphocyte-monocyte ratio on axial spondyloarthritis diagnosis and sacroiliitis staging

Characteristics Axial SpA (n1 = 78) Healthy controls (HCs) (n2 = 78) P-value
Age (years) 41 (29–52) 40 (30–53) 0.783
Sex (Male, %) 51 (65.4) 55 (70.5) 0.607
WBC(× 109/L) 7.2 ± 2.3 6.1 ± 1.2 < 0.001
LMR 3.81 ± 1.87 5.98 ± 1.65 < 0.001
NLR 2.63 (1.71–3.55) 1.67 (1.38–2.11) < 0.001
RBC(× 1012/L) 4.21 ± 0.72 5.03 ± 0.42 < 0.001
Hb(g/L) 116 (101–38) 150 (140–159) < 0.001
Hct 0.361 ± 0.061 0.450 ± 0.038 < 0.001
RDW (%) 13.4 (12.5–14.3) 12.5 (12.2–12.8) < 0.001
PLR 152.2 (123.2–201.4) 124.6 (102.8–154.6) < 0.001
MPV (fl) 10.2 (9.6–10.7) 9.5 (8.5–10.5) 0.002
ESR (mm/h) 37 (20–75) 6 (3–9) < 0.001
CRP (mg/L) 32.1 (14.1–76.0) 2.9 (1.5–4.9) < 0.001
ALT (U/L) 16.5 (10.0–25.3) 20.5 (16.0–31.3) 0.003
AST (U/L) 18.5 (15.0–25.5) 22.0 (22.0–26.3) 0.001
A/G 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.8 (1.7–2.0) < 0.001
TBIL(μmol/L) 9.34 (6.35–14.23) 15.85 (13.08–19.52) < 0.001
  1. WBC White blood cells; LMR Lymphocyte-monocyte ratio; NLR Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio; RBC Red blood cells; Hb Hemoglobin; Hct Hematocrit; RDW Red cell distribution width; PLR Platelet to lymphocyte ratio; MPV Mean platelet volume; ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate; CRP C-reactive protein; ALT Alanine aminotransferase; AST Aspartate Aminotransferase; A/G Albumin/globulin ratio; TBIL Total bilirubin