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Table 3 Subsequent outcomes based on index fracture site in the fracture cohort

From: Mortality in older adults following a fragility fracture: real-world retrospective matched-cohort study in Ontario

Index Fracture type Number of index fractures
(%)
Initial index fracture-related surgical procedure
n (%)
Revision index fracture-related surgical procedure
n (%) a
Complications (at 30 days)
n (%)b
Mortality at 1-year post-index fracture
n (%)
Hip 26,963 (26.5%) 24,635 (91.4%) 1311 (5.3%) 5295 (21.5%) 6625 (24.6%)
Wrist 16,467 (16.2%) 3177 (19.3%) 237 (7.5%) 205 (6.5%) 718 (4.4%)
Humerus 11,756 (11.6%) 2444 (20.8%) 269 (11.0%) 285 (11.7%) 1159 (9.9%)
Ribs 10,247 (10.1%) 641 (6.3%) 84 (13.1%) 64 (10.0%) 1327 (13.0%)
Tibia, fibula, knee 9859 (9.7%) 2747 (27.9%) 437 (15.9%) 356 (13.0%) 575 (5.8%)
Pelvis 7209 (7.1%) 638 (8.9%) 77 (12.1%) 75 (11.8%) 1298 (18.0%)
Vertebral 6595 (6.5%) 573 (8.7%) 85 (14.8%) 81 (14.1%) 1183 (17.9%)
Radius and ulna 4377 (4.3%) 510 (11.7%) 40 (7.8%) 47 (9.2%) 264 (6.0%)
Multisite 3299 (3.2%) 1423 (43.1%) 121 (8.5%) 276 (19.4%) 608 (18.4%)
Femur 2618 (2.6%) 2124 (81.1%) 355 (16.7%) 736 (34.7%) 530 (20.2%)
Clavicle/sternum 2383 (2.3%) 228 (9.6%) 38 (16.7%) 26 (11.4%) 325 (13.6%)
Total (all fracture types) 101,773 (100%) 39,140 (38.5%) 3054 (7.8%) 7446 (19.0%) 14,612 (14.4%)
  1. aOf those that had an initial replacement procedure
  2. bOf those that had an initial replacement procedure; each complication was checked up to 30 days after the index fracture; complications included: infections related to surgery, venous thromboembolism (DVT and PE), pneumonia, myocardial infarction, complications related to prosthetic devices, refracture due to the surgical procedure