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Table 3 Cost–utility study

From: A randomised controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of surgical and nonsurgical treatment for cervical radiculopathy

Direct costsa,
• Surgery
- Direct surgical costs
- Implants
- Hospital stay, including eventual complications and emergencies
• Nonsurgical treatment
- Consultation
- Physiotherapy
• Both groups
- Medication
- Consultations
- Imaging
Indirect costs
Sickness absence [9]
  1. aA sensitivity analysis of costs will estimate direct costs using prices at private clinics in Norway