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Table 3 Associations between LMM characteristics, low back pain, and lower limb injury

From: The effect of low back pain and lower limb injury on lumbar multifidus muscle morphology and function in university soccer players

 LBP previous 3-monthsLower limb injury past 12-months
CoefficientP-value95% CICoefficientP-value95% CI
PRONE
 CSA (cm2)−0.570.42[−1.98, 0.85]− 0.790.21[−2.06, 0.48]
 CSA asy (%)− 0.280.82[−2.68, 2.13]− 0.220.84[− 2.42, 1.98]
Thickness (cm)
 Rest− 0.250.30[− 0.73, 0.23]− 0.050.81[− 0.51, 0.40]
 Contracted a0.070.75[−0.40, 0.54]0.340.03[0.04, 0.64]
 % change b12.05< 0.001[7.63, 16.46]1.660.60[−4.85, 8.19]
STANDING
 CSA (cm2)−0.920.30[−2.71, 0.87]− 0.180.84[−2.01, 1.65]
 CSA asy (%)−1.050.41[−3.66, 1.56]−0.880.46[−3.3, 1.55]
Thickness (cm)
 Rest−0.010.97[−0.47, 0.45]0.190.21[−0.12, 0.51]
 Contracted0.010.97[−0.52, 0.54]0.130.13[−0.08, 0.63]
 % change0.330.84[−3.05, 3.70]2.070.21[−1.27, 5.43]
  1. a = Adjusted for weight and gender
  2. b = Adjusted for weight