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Table 2 LMM characteristics in female and male soccer players

From: The effect of low back pain and lower limb injury on lumbar multifidus muscle morphology and function in university soccer players

PRONEFemale (n = 12)Male (n = 15)
RightLeftRightLeft
CSA (cm2)7.83 ± 1.297.91 ± 1.249.84 ± 1.1710.03 ± 1.35
CSA asymmetry (%)2.61 ± 1.545.00 ± 3.03
EI71.23 ± 17.7970.71 ± 16.7944.87 ± 14.8744.91 ± 16.41
Thickness (cm)
 Rest2.73 ± 0.422.79 ± 0.403.35 ± 0.473.38 ± 0.57
 Contracted3.13 ± 0.433.19 ± 0.353.75 ± 0.48*3.85 ± 0.47
 % change15.14 ± 7.0614.88 ± 6.5512.48 ± 9.0315.02 ± 10.39
STANDING
 CSA (cm2)9.46 ± 1.819.63 ± 1.6811.33 ± 1.50*11.68 ± 1.66
 CSA asymmetry (%)3.24 ± 3.253.93 ± 2.17
Thickness (cm)
 Rest3.19 ± 0.373.24 ± 0.363.69 ± 0.603.74 ± 0.52
 Contracted3.25 ± 0.423.25 ± 0.373.88 ± 0.613.87 ± 0.58
 % change2.98 ± 3.911.65 ± 5.265.21 ± 4.853.51 ± 4.71
  1. bold = Significant difference (p < 0.05) between female and male players. * = Significant difference (p < 0.05) between right and left sides of female or male players