Reprinted by permission from AANS: Journal of Neurosurgery Spine, A novel 3D guidance system using augmented reality for percutaneous vertebroplasty: technical note, Yuichiro Abe, Shigenobu Sato, Koji Kato et al., Copyright 2013.
a) HMD with camera. b) A raw image is captured by the camera. c) Actual view of the surgeon. The software creates an augmented view and indicates the ideal insertion point and needle trajectory