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Table 2 Within-group change from 12 to 24-month for each HEIQ domain in users and non-users of the updated ‘My Joint Pain’ website

From: My joint pain, a web-based resource, effects on education and quality of care at 24 months

HEIQ domains †Users (N = 35)Non-users (N = 87)
Baseline score12 months score24 months scoreWithin group difference from 12 to 24 monthsBaseline score12 months score24 months scoreWithin group difference from 12 to 24 months
 mean (SD)mean (SD)mean (SD)RR (95% CI) bmean (SD)mean (SD)mean (SD)RR (95% CI) b
1. Health-directed activity2.92 (0.84)2.99 (0.69)3.00 (0.74)1.000 (0.977, 1.023)2.90 (0.71)3.02 (0.71)3.07 (0.78)1.001 (0.987, 1.015)
2. Positive and active engagement in life3.06 (0.45)3.17 (0.48)3.18 (0.56)1.000 (0.978, 1.022)3.06 (0.64)3.10 (0.65)3.23 (0.57)1.003 (0.989, 1.017)
3. Emotional distress a2.34 (0.71)2.10 (0.63)2.22 (0.68)1.002 (0.976, 1.028)2.31 (0.71)2.25 (0.72)2.04 (0.74)0.993 (0.976, 1.010)
4. Self-monitoring and insight3.02 (0.41)3.17 (0.43)3.20 (0.46)1.000 (0.979, 1.023)3.09 (0.41)3.13 (0.46)3.22 (0.45)1.002 (0.988, 1.016)
5. Constructive attitudes and approaches3.06 (0.46)3.06 (0.50)3.19 (0.53)1.003 (0.981, 1.026)3.05 (0.53)3.10 (0.60)3.23 (0.54)1.003 (0.989, 1.017)
6. Skill and technique acquisition2.82 (0.43)2.79 (0.44)2.91 (0.53)1.003 (0.980, 1.027)2.72 (0.52)2.84 (0.54)3.05 (0.49)1.006 (0.991, 1.020)
7. Social integration and support2.54 (0.62)2.74 (0.58)2.79 (0.65)1.000 (0.977, 1.024)2.65 (0.52)2.69 (0.60)2.84 (0.53)1.004 (0.989, 1.019)
8. Health service navigation2.73 (0.57)2.85 (0.53)2.98 (0.58)1.003 (0.980, 1.026)2.94 (0.59)2.98 (0.63)3.06 (0.54)1.002 (0.988, 1.016)
  1. aScores range from 1 to 4, a higher score indicates more favourable outcome except for emotional distress
  2. bA positive mean difference indicates an improvement in outcomes except for emotional distress
  3. Data in bold indicates variables with a P value < 0.05 for within-group comparisons
  4. HEIQ health education impact questionnaire, RR risk ratio, SD standard deviation