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Fig. 3 | BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Fig. 3

From: Quantitative analysis of paraspinal muscle atrophy after oblique lateral interbody fusion alone vs. combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in patients with spondylolisthesis

Fig. 3

Iatrogenic paravertebral muscle injury at fusion cage level (a); pedicle screw level (b) and adjacent segment level (c). A large number of non-muscle tissues (high signal area in the blue circle) occupying the original muscle position 2 years after surgery. The white arrow indicates the pedicle screw. The orange arrow indicates the intervertebral cage

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