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Table 3 Health predictors at the 21-year follow-up for people with CWP at baseline in 1995, n = 63

From: The impact of chronic widespread pain on health status and long-term health predictors: a general population cohort study

PredictorsPhysical Functioning (PF)Vitality (VT)Mental Health (MH)
OR (95% CI)pOR (95% CI)pOR (95% CI)p
Age0.93 (0.84–1.04)0.2011.05 (0.95–1.17)0.3101.06 (0.96–1.17)0.284
Gender
 Woman1 1 1 
 Man6.76 (1.82–25.13)0.0045.71 (1.53–21.34)0.0103.35 (0.92–11.54)0.056
Personal support
 No1 1 1 
 Yes1.19 (0.26–5.41)0.8252.01 (0.47–9.26)0.3332.40 (0.52–11.00)0.260
Circle of friends
 No1 1 1 
 Yes0.47 (0.14–1.56)0.2141.41 (0.44–4.51)0.5620.89 (0.29–2.73)0.839
Smoking
 Yes1 1 1 
 No, never4.23 (0.65–27.56)0.1310.67 (0.15–3.02)0.6020.99 (0.22–4.39)0.990
 No, have stopped7.83 (1.05–58.46)0.0451.50 (0.31–7.38)0.6161.32 (0.27–6.52)0.736
Alcohol intake
 Never/rarely1 1 1 
 Every month2.55 (0.62–10.45)0.1931.40 (0.40–4.93)0.6030.55 (0.15–2.03)0.367
 Every week4.94 (1.05–23.33)0.0441.39 (0.34–5.79)0.6470.88 (0.22–3.59)0.862
  > 4 times/weeka   
Physical activityb
 Never1 1 1 
 Moderate0.77 (0.20–2.97)0.6981.02 (0.27–3.82)0.9772.96 (0.70–12.48)0.139
 Active0.35 (0.07–1.82)0.2120.87 (0.21–3.60)0.8483.05 (0.66–14.06)0.154
Sleeping problemsc
 Yes1 1 1 
 No2.01 (0.47–8.63)0.3463.45 (0.80–14.85)0.0964.45 (1.05–18.80)0.042
  1. a There was no-one with CWP in this group and “every week” became the reference
  2. b Never = < 30 min/day; Moderate = 1–2 times/week or 30–90 min/week; Active = > 2 times/week or > 120 min/week
  3. c Yes = moderate to severe sleeping problems; No = no or minor sleeping problems. Controlled for age and gender, except for age (which was controlled for gender) and gender (which was controlled for age)