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Table 2 Health predictors at the 12-year follow-up for people with CWP at baseline in 1995, n = 83

From: The impact of chronic widespread pain on health status and long-term health predictors: a general population cohort study

PredictorsPhysical Functioning (PF)Vitality (VT)Mental Health (MH)
OR (95% CI)pOR (95% CI)pOR (95% CI)p
Age0.96 (0.88–1.05)0.4150.93 (0.86–1.02)0.1141.00 (0.91–1.09)0.902
Gender
 Woman1 1 1 
 Man2.91 (0.98–8.62)0.0533.03 (1.02–9.00)0.0461.67 (0.56–4.98)0.360
Personal support
 No1 1 1 
 Yes1.98 (0.52–7.51)0.3179.27 (1.58–54.47)0.0142.48 (0.61–10.07)0.204
Circle of friends
 No1 1 1 
 Yes2.21 (0.76–6.43)0.1480.28 (0.64–4.89)0.2761.09 (0.40–2.95)0.862
Smoking
 Yes1 1 1 
 No, never1.44 (0.38–5.50)0.5981.62 (0.46–5.72)0.4561.82 (0.50–6.63)0.363
 No, have stopped5.21 (1.12–23.03)0.0304.38 (1.04–18.44)0.0442.36 (0.56–10.05)0.244
Alcohol intake
 Never/rarely1 1 1 
 Every month1.37 (0.47–4.01)0.5691.26 (0.44–3.59)0.6661.25 (0.44–3.57)0.675
 Every week2.01 (0.53–7.69)0.3092.17 (0.57–8.28)0.2551.02 (0.25–4.09)0.982
  > 4 times/weeka   
Physical activityb
 Never1 1 1 
 Moderate0.57 (0.19–1.72)0.3160.87 (0.30–2.56)0.8020.65 (0.21–2.02)0.453
 Active1.27 (0.35–4.62)0.7161.67 (0.46–6.03)0.4342.49 (0.70–8.83)0.158
Sleeping problemsc
 Yes1 1 1 
 No2.22 (0.68–7.28)0.1874.76 (1.38–16.46)0.0143.48 (1.07–11.34)0.038
  1. a There was no-one with CWP in this group and “every week” became the reference
  2. b Never = < 30 min/day; Moderate = 1–2 times/week or 30–90 min/week; Active = > 2 times/week or > 120 min/week
  3. c Yes = moderate to severe sleeping problems; No = no or minor sleeping problems. Controlled for age and gender, except for age (which was controlled for gender) and gender (which was controlled for age)