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Table 2 Demographic factors and associations with reduced health-related quality of life (15D HRQoL total score < 0.9) among patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain: results from logistic regression analyses (n = 517)

From: What factors are associated with health‐related quality of life among patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain? A cross‐sectional study in primary health care

Demographic characteristics Univariable analyses Multivariable analyses
OR CI OR CI
Age (years) (n = 503)
 21–30 years 0.9 0.5, 1.6   
 31–40 years 0.6 0.4, 1.0   
 41–50 years 1.0    
 51 years and older 1.2 0.8, 1.9   
Gender (n = 517)
 Female 1.70 1.16, 2.49 2.0 1.2, 3.4
 Male 1.0   1.0  
Marital status (n = 515)     
 Married/cohabitant 1.0    
 Single 0.8 0.5, 1.3   
 Divorced/Separated/widowed 1.7 0.8, 3.4   
Education (n = 515)
 Primary/secondary school 1.0    
 University < 4 years 0.6 0.4, 1.0   
 University > 4 years 0.6 0.4, 0.9   
 Student/other 0.7 0.3, 1.5   
Occupational activity a (n = 517)
 None 3.9 1.6, 9.8 1.9 0.5, 7.0
 Full time work 0.4 0.2, 0.5 0.9 0.5, 1.6
 Part time work 1.3 0.8, 2.1   
 Student 0.8 0.4, 1.7   
 Receiving disability pension 38.8 5.3, 286 26.6 3.1, 228
  1. Bold indicates statistically significance
  2. Abbreviations: OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  3. aMultiple response alternatives was allowed for occupational activity, analysed as individual variables