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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of primary health care patients grouped according to presence of chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) (n = 969)

From: What factors are associated with health‐related quality of life among patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain? A cross‐sectional study in primary health care

Patient characteristics Chronic Muskuloskeletal Pain (n = 517) No chronic Muskoloskeletal Pain (n = 452) P-value
n (%) n (%)
Age (years) mean (SD) 45.6 (10.1) 42.6 (10.2) ˂ 0.01*
 21–30 years 57 (11.3) 66 (17.8)  
 31–40 years 88 (17.5) 101 (23.3)  
 41–50 years 156 (31.0) 134 (30.9)  
 51 years and older 202 (40.2) 121 (27.9)  
Missing 14 (2.7) 17 (3.8)  
Gender    0.36**
 Female 354 (68.5) 296 (65.7)  
 Male 163 (31.5) 156 (34.3)  
Marital status    0.13***
 Married/cohabitant 405 (78.6) 348 (77.5)  
 Single 74 (14.4) 77 (17.1)  
 Divorced/Separated/Widowed 36 (7.0) 24 (5.2)  
Missing 2 (0.4) 3 (0.7)  
Education    ˂ 0.01***
 Primary/secondary school 175 (34.0) 106 (23.5)  
 University ˂ 4 years 141 (27.4) 137 (30.4)  
 University ˃ 4 years 172 (33.4) 190 (42.1)  
 Student/other 27 (5.2) 18 (4.0)  
Missing 2 (0.4) 1 (0.2)  
Occupational activitya
 None 28 (5.4) 15 (3.3) 0.12**
 Full time work 358 (69.2) 348 (77.0) ˂ 0.01**
 Part time work 80 (15.5) 57 (12.6) 0.23**
 Under education 33 (6.4) 31 (6.9) 0.80**
 Disability pension 35 (6.8) 3 (0.7) ˂ 0.001**
Receiving benefit payments 369 (71.4) 309 (68.4) 0.33**
Self-assessed economic status    0.02***
 Good 273 (53.2) 277 (61.6)  
 Fair 205 (40.0) 153 (34.0)  
 Poor 35 (6.8) 20 (4.4)  
Missing 4 (0.8) 2 (0.4)  
Self-assessed health    ˂ 0.001***
 Very good 59 (11.4) 180 (40.0)  
 Good 257 (49.8) 231 (51.3)  
 Not so good 174 (33.7) 37 (8.2)  
 Poor 26 (5.0) 2 (0.4)  
Missing 1 (0.2) 2 (0.4)  
HRQoL total 15D score mean (SD) 0.88 (0.10) 0.95 (0.06) ˂ 0.001*
 HRQoL total 15D score < 0.9 254 (50.2) 63 (14.1) ˂ 0.001**
Missing 9 (1.7) 6 (1.3)  
Current sick leave due to CMP 69 (13.3) -  
Missing 5 (0.9) -  
Duration of current sick leave
 0–3 months 37 (53.6) -  
 3–6 months 15 (21.7) -  
 ˃ 6 months 17 (24.6) -  
Missing 5 (0.9) -  
  1. Numbers are presents as n (%) unless otherwise stated
  2. Abbreviation: HRQoL Health Related Quality of Life
  3. *Independent Samples T-Test; **Chi-squared test; ***Mann-Whitney U-test
  4. aMultiple response alternatives was allowed for occupational activity