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Table 4 Comparison of bodily pain between the prevalence of lifestyle or medical history

From: The effect of low back pain and neck-shoulder stiffness on health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional population-based study

  Existence Bodily paina P value
Lifestyle and medical history
 Working Yes (n = 1077) 48.7 ± 9.1 0.848
No (n = 45) 50.7 ± 9.3  
 Smokes Yes (n = 129) 50.2 ± 9.1 0.962
No (n = 993) 50.8 ± 8.6  
 Uses alcohol Yes (n = 481) 50.6 ± 9.4 0.492
No (n = 641) 50.0 ± 9.2  
 Diabetes Yes (n = 58) 48.7 ± 9.1 0.336
No (n = 1064) 50.7 ± 9.3  
 Hypertension Yes (n = 281) 48.7 ± 9.1 0.006*
No (n = 841) 50.7 ± 9.3  
 Hyperlipidemia Yes (n = 145) 49.5 ± 9.1 0.276
No (n = 977) 50.4 ± 9.2  
 Depression Yes (n = 5) 50.2 ± 9.3 0.509
No (n = 1117) 52.5 ± 9.3  
 Antidiabetic medication Yes (n = 56) 48.6 ± 10.0 0.349
No (n = 1066) 50.3 ± 9.2  
 Antihypertensive medication Yes (n = 277) 48.7 ± 9.1 0.002*
No (n = 845) 50.7 ± 9.3  
 Lipid-lowering medication Yes (n = 141) 49.7 ± 9.3 0.546
No (n = 981) 50.3 ± 9.0  
 Analgesic medication Yes (n = 44) 42.2 ± 6.3 < 0.001*
No (n = 1078) 50.5 ± 9.2  
 Sleeping pills medications Yes (n = 37) 45.9 ± 9.2 0.004*
No (n = 1085) 50.3 ± 9.2  
  1. aBodily pain results, shown as mean ± SD. *Mann–Whitney U