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Table 3 Differences in activities and participation in people with skeletal dysplasia and the control subjects

From: Functioning and equality according to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in people with skeletal dysplasia compared to matched control subjects – a cross-sectional survey study

Variable Group n Mean rank Median Z p-value
Acquiring skills a SkelDys 80 69.69 1.00 −1.113 0.281
Control 55 65.54 1.00
Making decisions a SkelDys 80 69.89 1.00 −1.653 0.141
Control 55 65.25 1.00
Carrying out daily routine and handling other psychological demands a SkelDys 80 70.51 2.00 −1.111 0.268
Control 54 63.04 1.67
Understanding spoken messages b SkelDys 80 69.38 1.00 −1.677 0.145
Control 55 66.00 1.00
Changing and maintaining body position a SkelDys 80 85.40 1.83 −6.418 < 0.001
Control 55 42.69 1.00
Carrying, moving, and handling objects a SkelDys 80 90.38 1.86 −8.250 < 0.001
Control 55 35.45 1.00
Walking and moving a SkelDys 80 89.93 2.27 −7.982 < 0.001
Control 55 36.10 1.00
Using public transportation a SkelDys 80 88.09 3.50 −7.631 < 0.001
Control 55 38.77 1.00
Self-care a SkelDys 80 83.38 1.43 −6.107 < 0.001
Control 55 45.64 1.00
Acquisition of goods and services a SkelDys 80 93.66 3.00 −9.386 < 0.001
Control 55 30.68 1.00
Household tasks a SkelDys 80 86.86 1.86 −6.811 < 0.001
Control 55 40.56 1.14
Family and informal social relationships a SkelDys 80 78.79 2.00 −3.887 < 0.001
Control 55 52.31 1.40
Remunerative work a SkelDys 80 76.03 2.00 −2.967 0.003
Control 55 56.33 1.00
Recreation and leisure time b SkelDys 80 78.33 2.00 −3.881 < 0.001
Control 55 52.97 1.00
Equality b SkelDys 80 74.78 2.00 −2.665 0.007
Control 55 58.14 2.00
  1. Note: Variables = Modified ICF-block or chapter-items; SkelDys = people with skeletal dysplasia; a = a sum variable (interval scale variable); b = an ordinal scale variable; The bigger the mean rank and the median is, the more the group had problems in the variable. Used statistical analysis: Mann-Whitney U-test for interval and ordinal scale variables